Accessibility Guideline for Reading with Cataracts

Adjustable font size settings in an e-reader

What is the Accessibility Guideline for Reading with Cataracts?

With the advancements in technology, it is easier to make your website accessible for people with cataracts.

  • Use Large and Clear Fonts: Use magnification of fonts to make it easier for people with cataracts to read. Sans-serif fonts, such as Arial or Helvetica, are often easier to read than serif fonts.
  • Use High Contrast Colors: Use high contrast colors between text and background to make it easier for people with cataracts to distinguish between letters and words. Dark text on a light background is typically easier to read.
  • Provide Sufficient Lighting: Provide sufficient lighting to make it easier for people with cataracts to read. Use bright, even lighting to minimize shadows and glare.
  • Use Simple Language: Use simple, straightforward language that is easy to understand. Avoid using complex terms and jargon.
  • Use Short Sentences and Paragraphs: Use short sentences and paragraphs to break down information into smaller, digestible chunks. This helps people with cataracts avoid feeling overwhelmed by a long block of text.
  • Provide Multiple Formats: Provide digital content in multiple formats, such as video or audio, as well as written text. This allows people with cataracts to choose the format that works best for them.
  • Use Alt Text for Images: Use alt text for images to describe the content of the image. This helps people with cataracts who may not be able to see the image clearly to understand what it depicts.

How to Avoid Cataracts?

  • Wear Sunglasses: Protect your eyes from the harmful UV rays of the sun by wearing sunglasses that block 100% of both UVA and UVB rays. This helps to prevent damage to the lens and reduce your risk of developing cataracts.
  • Quit Smoking: Smoking is a major risk factor for cataracts, so quitting smoking helps to reduce your risk of developing them.
  • Limit Alcohol Consumption: Excessive alcohol consumption increases your risk of cataracts. Limiting alcohol intake helps to reduce your risk.
  • Get Regular Eye Exams: Regular eye exams help detect cataracts early and allow for early treatment, which prevents vision loss and improves outcomes.

To avoid cataracts, make sure you are paying attention to your eye care. Although age-related cataract is hard to avoid, it is possible to avoid different types of cataract. For more medical information, consult your healthcare provider or an ophthalmologist.

Although contact lenses do not directly cause cataracts, they contribute to the development of cataracts indirectly by increasing the risk of certain eye conditions that lead to cataracts.

How to Cure Cataracts?

Cataracts are treated with eye surgery, which involves removing the cloudy lens and replacing it with an artificial lens. Cataract surgery is a common and safe procedure that is typically performed on an outpatient basis in ophthalmology.

What are the symptoms of Cataracts?

  • Seeing a halo effect.
  • Double vision.
  • Cloudy vision.

These symptoms do not mean you have cataracts. Consult your doctor to learn if you are having other diseases such as corneal disease, optic nerve disease, or retinal disease.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are Web Content Accessibility Guidelines?

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) are a set of international standards for making digital content, such as websites, apps, and documents, more accessible to people with disabilities.
WCAG assists content creators about whether their digital content is accessible to the widest possible audience, including people with disabilities

What is an Accessibility Disclaimer?

It is an accessibility statement on your website that tells your community of users about your commitment to web accessibility. Within that special message, you assure your customers that you are putting in the effort to serve them.

What are Cataracts?

Cataracts is a common eye condition that affects the clarity of the lens of the eye but it does not affect the cornea. The lens is a clear structure behind the iris that helps focus light onto the retina, which sends visual signals to the brain. When a cataract develops, vision becomes clouding and opaque, which causes low vision or complete loss of vision. It also affects visual acuity (VA) which is a measure of the functionality of the eye to distinguish shapes and the details of objects at a given distance.

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